1. [1] Curriculum design is the difference between failure & success
  2. [2] Martin Kozloff - How to teach. How to Learn. How to Design a Curriculum.pdf
  3. [3] Planning Guide - Assessing and Improving Curriculum Materials And Instruction Short form  [Lesson-based Materials or Programs, and Textbooks]
  4. [4] Planning Form to complete by staff - Assessing and Improving Curriculum Materials And Instruction Short form  
  5. [5] How the curriculum causes failure research paper


[1] Curriculum design is the difference between failure & success


Curriculum Design - Dr. Martin Kozloff

Professor of Education Department of Educational Leadership

[3] Planning Guide - Assessing and Improving Curriculum Materials And Instruction Short form  
[Lesson-based Materials or Programs, and Textbooks]

[4] Planning Form to complete by staff - Assessing and Improving Curriculum Materials And Instruction Short form  

Insight 4. Curriculum design is the difference between failure and success

Engelmann’s own words are the best way to get to the core of this insight:

  1. ‘The field of education still hasn’t learned that poorly designed curricula generate poor performance in both teacher and students’.
  2. ‘Instructional sequences have the capacity to make students smart or not…
  3. The curriculum will largely determine the extent to which students are smart.’
  4. ‘The curriculum is the difference between failure and success (1992 p7).
  5. ‘When the curriculum fails, the teaching will fail’. (1992 p7)
  6. ‘If the teaching is not effective, the most direct implication is that the curricular sequences are not well designed’ (1992 p179)
  7. ‘The curriculum is the central focus of effective reform, because teachers don’t teach without content, and the content comes from the curriculum’. (1992 p176)
  8. ‘Effective reform must start with the understanding that the curriculum is the central focus and the central business of schools. Effective curricula are the sina que non of the system that is capable of delivering a quality education to all kids’. (1992 p179)  - (taken from the Pragmatic Education website below).


Engelmann’s insight that ‘the cause of educational failure is the curriculum’ locates the responsibility right at the centre of schools’ locus of control.

[2] Martin Kozloff - How to teach. How to Learn. How to Design a Curriculum.pdf



[5] How the curriculum causes failure research paper